Eucomis African Night

Pineapple Lily

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Plant Code: EUAN

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Achieve a tropical look even in zone 6 gardens! A substantial specimen, long foliage blades emerge deep burgundy in spring then lighten to emerald green. Tall spikes of dusky-plum buds open bottom to top to reveal starry rosy-pink florets. Each spike is crowned with a whimsical topknot of smaller leaves. Late to wake in the spring, but so worth the wait!

Eucomis are native to South Africa and their preference for sharply drained soil makes them ideal for rock gardens. The common name of Pineapple Lily is in reference to the spiky leaves perched at the tips of the flowers that resemble the tropical fruit. After the flowers fade, attractive seed capsules replace the floret petals to extend interest. Eucomis African Night is a valuable later season pollinator attractor.


Type: Perennials
Height: Medium 2 1/2-3'
Spacing: Plant 3 1/2-4' apart
Bloom Time: Late Summer to Early Fall
Sun-Shade: Full Sun to Half Sun / Half Shade
Zones: 6-9   Find Your Zone
Soil Condition: Normal, Sandy
Flower: Pink
Accent: Pink
Patent: PP31,155
Pot Size: 3.5" square x 4" deep

Features to Note

  • Attracts Butterflies
  • Good for Cut Flowers
  • OK in Containers

Eucomis General Information

Eucomis are summer-blooming bulbs with unusual, exotic flowers that form columnar spikes. Late to emerge in the spring, long strappy leaves and stems may be freckeled with purple. Idaho has restricted all potted plant material from being shipped into Idaho at this time.

Eucomis Plant Care

Prefers warm, sunny nooks with well-drained soil and protection from excessive winter cold and moisture. Grow in loose, well-drained soil. Heavy clay or soggy soil may cause the bulb to rot. At the start of growing season, keep soil barely moist. Once several leaves have emerged, water consistently keeping soil relatively moist until flowers fade. In northern zones, grow in full sun. Where sun is more intense, plants will benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. Grow in loose, well-drained soil. Fertilize in early spring. Wait until leaves and flower stems begin to yellow before removing.